Presbyopia occurs naturally where near vision becomes blurred, making it hard to focus while doing things like reading, using a cell phone or working on the computer. It is not a disease or illness. Like wrinkles, it comes with age.
What are the symptoms of presbyopia?
- Need to hold reading material at arm’s length in order to read properly.
- Experiencing blurred vision while reading at the normal reading distance.
- Experiencing headaches or fatigue when doing near work activities, such as embroidery.
What causes presbyopia?
The lens of the eyes in young people is soft and flexible, readily changing shape to see images from different distances. As you age, your eye lens hardens and loses elasticity. With this loss of flexibility, your eyes’ ability to adjust properly to focus on near objects decreases.
How is presbyopia diagnosed?
An eye doctor can diagnose presbyopia by performing a thorough eye exam, hence why it is advisable to have your eyes examined at least once a year.
How is presbyopia managed?
Presbyopia cannot be cured. Instead, reading glasses, bifocal or progressive addition lenses, can help correct the effects of presbyopia.
Bifocals are eyeglasses that have two different prescriptions in one spectacle lens. The top part of the lens corrects for distance vision and the lower portion of the lens is designed to help a person see objects up close.
Progressive addition lenses are similar to bifocals but they are made to have a gradual or blended transition between the two prescriptions thus work well for people who use computers.
Frequently Asked Questions on presbyopia
- Is presbyopia the same as farsightedness? The two are often confused, but they are different. Presbyopia occurs when the natural lens in the eye loses flexibility. Farsightedness is due to the natural shape of the eyeball causing light rays to bend incorrectly once they have entered the eye.
- Who is at risk of getting presbyopia? Anyone over the age of 35 is at risk for developing presbyopia. Everyone experiences some loss of focusing power for near objects as they age, but some will notice this more than others.
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